Close this search box.

Understanding the Basics of Plumbing

Man repairing pipes

Plumbing may be defined as the materials, fixtures and practice used in maintaining, installing and altering piping, appliances, fixtures, storm or sanitary drainage facilities, venting systems, and private or public water supply systems. Plumbing does not include installing water softening equipment; drilling water wells, manufacturing or selling plumbing fixtures, equipment, hardware or appliances. A plumbing system has three different parts:

  1. Safe, adequate drainage system;
  2. Adequate potable water supply system;
  3. Ample fixtures and equipment.

What is Plumbing and why is it important?

Plumbing is the system of pipes, valves, drains, fittings, valve assemblies, and devices installed in a building for the distribution of water for heating. It also includes systems for washing, drinking and the removal of waterborne wastes. It is the skilled trade of working with plumbing, tubing, pipes, fixtures and fittings in such systems.

A plumber is the one who repairs or installs piping systems, plumbing equipment and fixtures such as backflow preventers and water heaters. The plumbing industry is a crucial and substantial part of a developed economy due to the need for sanitary collection, clean water and transport of wastes.

One of the most important systems in our home is plumbing. The plumbing system in your home has different elements such as your sewer system and your water heater. These are necessary in your home so that your family is kept warm and safe. It’s also important to keep the plumbing system in your home properly maintained in order to ensure that it’s running efficiently.

Regular plumbing maintenance will eliminate the need for very expensive plumbing services and repairs in the future. It gives us peace of mind to know that your home is a safe and healthy environment for both you and your family. The plumbing system is also water-efficient, it contributes greatly to save more energy. Less use of our water means less water heated and less water transported. Installing WaterSense-labeled faucet aerators in bathrooms, for example, helps to save energy and water. The ability of plumbing and sanitation systems to remove waste and deliver clean water has protected many people from communicable disease. There is acknowledgement from many within the public and private health community that drinkable and clean water has likely protected more lives and extended life more than any medical advancement. Plumbing advancements continue to protect lives in developing nations.

What are the three types of plumbing systems in residential property?

There are many pipes coursing their way through every home. These pipes carry fresh water in and dirty water out; they even carry the gas to the oven and make modern life possible. Each one of these pipes is a component of residential plumbing systems. Below are the three types of residential plumbing systems.

Water supply

The interior water supply delivers fresh water to your dishwashers, sinks, bathtubs, toilets, washing machines,  showers, and more. The water is delivered from either a private water well on your property or from a public or municipal water supply.

Most plumbing for water relies on either copper cross-linked polyethylene pipes or plumbing pipes. The material will be made from different types depending on the age of the home and the local building codes.

The plumbing system will remove sewage from every home. Using a drain-waste-vent helps remove the greywater by helping to circulate the air pressure within the pipes. This process keeps the dirty water flowing freely from the sinks, toilets and showers. Using a sloped system of pipes with traps in each, these keep solids and liquids flowing to the pipes so they don’t back up. The traps help keep sewage gasses from entering the plumbing system and making their way into the home.

There are many types of water plumbing systems ranging from partially-ventilated systems, one-pipe systems, single-stack systems and two-pipe systems,

Gas plumbing

Residential plumbing systems are not limited to just water systems. Propane and natural gas are common features of today’s home. These gases keep us warm and toasty during the winter months and help make sure that our meals are hot when we are ready to eat.

Gas plumbing typically relies on black iron pipes to carry the fuel or gas to the oven, the BBQ grill, the stove, and the furnace. These kinds of pipes are connected to one another using screw-like threaded fittings that are sealed. This seal provides a safe barrier that does not allow the gas to leak out.

Exterior plumbing

Hot tubs, sprinkler systems, and swimming pools rely on exterior plumbing systems to remain functional. These plumbing systems often rely on a series of drip irrigation tubes and plastic pipes that place the water precisely where you need it.

Exterior plumbing also includes your exterior drainage systems such as your drainage, pipes, septic tanks and gutters. This plumbing system helps to ensure that water is not allowed to collect and pool around your property, which can cause structural damage to foundations.

8 Most Common Plumbing Problems

The problem in your plumbing systems can be an inevitable part of owning a home. While some of the problems come with normal wear and tear or ageing fixtures on plumbing materials and equipment, others may be caused by how the systems are being used and maintained.

At CentraHeat, we’ve seen and fixed all types of plumbing problems.

Below are some of the most common issues our expert plumbers handle:

  • Dripping Faucets
  • Leaky Pipes
  • Running Toilets
  • Water Pressure is Low
  • Hose Bibb is Leaking
  • Clogged or Slow Drains
  • Sump Pump Failure
  • Water Heater Problems

Boiler Servicing, Heating Engineers & Plumbers Swindon

If you are looking for a dedicated, reliable and professional team of heating engineers and plumbers in Swindon, then look no further than the team here at Centraheat. We offer many services and can be relied upon to complete all jobs to a high-quality standard.

At Centraheat, we carry out tasks including full central heating installation, boiler installation and maintenance, gas boiler repair, Magna cleaning and more. Perhaps you have something as simple as a leaky tap that needs fixing? Or a full bathroom suite that needs installing?

Centraheat uses the best quality materials available, which will actually save your money in the long term and hopefully means you won’t need to call another plumber for quite some time. Centraheat Heating Engineers and Plumbers Swindon.

Give us a call today! or visit our website at

Share the Post:

Related Posts